Where Did Stonehenge And Easter Island Come From
Stonehenge is a megalithic monument on the Salisbury Plain in England, about 85 miles southwest of London. It consists of a ditch and bank surrounding big stones — many weighing between one and 45 tons — organized in circle and horseshoe patterns, together with a lane connecting it to the nearby River Avon. Construction began around three,000 B.C. and continued until about 1,a hundred B.C.
Sadly, the people who constructed Stonehenge didn’t go away a lot evidence of why they constructed this huge structure. So writers and researchers by the ages have pondered the stones and give you their own stories about this prehistoric creation.
The most common theories recommend Stonehenge is an astronomical calendar, a religious site, or a combination of the 2. From John Aubrey within the 17th century to William Stukeley within the 18th century to Sir J. Norman Lockyer and Gerald Hawkins in the 20th century, students have found that the place of Stonehenge’s earthworks and stones coincides with solstices and cycles of the moon. However these students have interpreted this data differently.
Early theorists believed the Celtic priesthood called the Druids built Stonehenge as a temple, but there aren’t any records of Druids existing in the same time period that Stonehenge was created. Nevertheless, other ancient peoples could have constructed Stonehenge as a temple that marked the solstices as holy days.
Rapa Nui — christened “Easter Island” by Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen because he first arrived there on Easter Day in 1722 — is one of the distant inhabited places on Earth. It is 2,300 miles from Chile and a pair of,500 miles from Tahiti. The nearest land is Pitcairn Island (inhabitants fifty four) about 1,four hundred miles away. The island was colonized by Chile in the late nineteenth century and remains a Chilean possession. In Chile, the official name for the island is Isla de Pascua, and the islanders call it both Rapa Nui and Te Pito te Henua (the navel of the world).
Except for its isolation, Easter Island is greatest identified for the large stone heads referred to as moai that dot the in any other case barren panorama. Virtually 900 moai exist, and they average 13 toes tall and nearly 14 tons in weight. They had been most likely erected between 1400 and 1600 Advert. Most researchers believe the moai represent necessary ancestors, corresponding to chiefs. It doesn’t seem that the statues had been worshipped, however they might have acted as spiritual conduits between the individuals and their gods.
Sadly, little of the culture that created the moai remains. Between 1600 and 1722, the island’s inhabitants decreased dramatically. Proof suggests that deforestation and soil depletion result in food shortages, causing the population decrease.
After European contact, Easter Island’s history took a fair darker flip. Peruvian slavers kidnapped about one-third of the island’s population in the mid-nineteenth century. These slavers also introduced smallpox to the Rapa Nui individuals. In 1888, Chile claimed possession of Easter Island. Later, a Chilean enterprise turned the island into a sheep ranch. Native islanders have been treated like prisoners, and it wasn’t until 1916 that the corporate’s rule was overthrown.
The Chilean Navy took control of Rapa Nui in 1952, and, as soon as again, islanders were subject to autocratic controls. Islanders secured the precise to vote for their governors by way of a revolt in 1964, and the navy affect diminished. Some navy sites remained — the United States built a monitoring station within the 1960s and later expanded the island’s airport runway as an emergency touchdown strip for the house shuttle.
Right now, Easter Island has a population of several thousand people. Agriculture, cattle ranching, fishing, artwork, and tourism are the main industries. Flights from Santiago, Chile, land frequently.