Widespread Terms Explained
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to explain their merchandise. The phrases should not at all times consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.
The following is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. An ordinary spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts manufactured from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are used many ways, however it is the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads will be twisted collectively into stone island denims t shirt thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted collectively, it could be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Though rayon is a man-made synthetic material, most specialists agree it’s readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely delicate and has glorious drape.
Bamboo: Quick rising plant, categorized as a grass, which might be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A course of that uses bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A very broad neckline that runs across the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the huge neck enabled fast elimination if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Ladies’s style answer to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, although it may be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A way to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a really comfortable, easy end.
Burn-Out: A process that uses sulfuric acid or different robust acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/cotton blend. The method gives a see-via, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Often refers to shorter sleeves on girls’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” gas due to its relationship with international warming. A few t-shirt manufacturers are now measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Impartial group founded in 2001 in Great Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with companies to help scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies companies and products as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A number of t-shirt firms now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates brief fibers and removes dirt and international matter. Carding will be performed by hand or by giant machines using drum rollers. Carded-solely cotton isn’t as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another title for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a delicate feel and a vintage look, relying on how the wash is done.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of certain plants. Helpful in making certain kinds of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, normally knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used often as cheap promotional give-aways.
Climate Impartial: A term used to describe a company, course of, or product that has zero impact on the Earth’s local weather. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers advertise their company as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with global warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand multiple washings with out dropping its colour.
Combed Cotton: A method to take away short fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a smooth, advantageous cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive strength, glorious uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton costs extra and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a unique color than the garment. Gives a nice design detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: An international group that offers certification companies for a wide range of programs–together with many organic certification applications. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a extra textured however uniform back. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. Fine cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that is the most well-liked on the planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties such as Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than extraordinary varieties.
Crew Neck: A round close-fitting neckline. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop High: A shirt with a brief physique to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This type of stitching offers sturdiness and a cleaner, extra completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, while a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts that have good drape qualities really feel nicer to wear.
Drop Tail: A garment that features a longer again than entrance.
Eco-Friendly: Extremely free term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Almost useless in realistically assessing a product. Favourite term used by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy length of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist people who undergo most from environmental abuses similar to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Especially lively in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to supply a mushy end and easy look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is bodily much less harsh on the fabric in comparison with stone washing.
European Cut: A method of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one normally finds. For example, a full cut men’s t-shirt, dimension large, usually runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A men’s large European minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being minimize and sewn into a completed piece of clothes.
Fair Labor Association: A nonprofit organization dedicated to ending sweatshop circumstances in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, especially necessary within the apparel enterprise where working situations have traditionally been so poor.
Truthful Wear Basis: A global group dedicated to enhancing garment staff’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with corporations that produce clothing and other sewn merchandise and that take duty for his or her supply chain.
Superb Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. High-quality cotton jersey is usually smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with wonderful cotton jersey have a greater drape and feel than common t-shirts. Often made with 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per square yard.
Fitted Minimize: Definitions range, but usually a fitted reduce refers to a reduce that flatters the physique. Used typically in ladies’s t-shirts, the center section of the shirt might be tighter than the highest or bottom. General, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full cut.
Full Reduce: A generous, roomy lower. In t-shirts, tubular kinds are usually thought of full-minimize, however there are exceptions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been cut and sewn right into a completed article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A process where finished articles of clothes are washed, often with added softeners to enhance the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the 1990s when consumers became fearful about genetically modified food. Many firms now apply the GMO free label on the whole lot from meals to natural fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for International Organic Textile Normal. A project of the International Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to ensure natural status of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to offer a credible assurance to the end consumer. An natural t-shirt that meets the requirements could be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic time period used by advertising and marketing gurus to promote products. One other favourite term of “inexperienced-washers,” who are hopping on the environmental bandwagon without any actual commitment.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Companies that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental issues to draw extra enterprise, but haven’t taken any actual steps to be environmentally responsible.
Hand: The way in which a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels smooth and easy is taken into account to have a superb hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for 1000’s of years, largely as an industrial fabric. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothing, and now it is used in many clothing articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its strength and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Just like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or 3 buttons (typically as much as 5 buttons are used, however that is uncommon). A Henley might be either brief or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that could be very gentle and has a superb drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very advantageous garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has superb vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Wonderful cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with high-quality cotton threads such as 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric had been made. There are various sorts of knits. Jersey Knit is usually present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It is gentle weight, and has high-quality vertical ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have heavy ribs operating down the stone island denims t shirt fabric, whereas interlock knits are used in very nice fabrics. T-shirt collars are usually rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless style t-shirt, but not precisely a tank prime. Primary t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an extraordinary tank top.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and looks better than an exposed stitch. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek one hundred: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures consumers that the apparel they purchase is chemical free and poses no risk to their health. Below the Oeko-Tex standard, clothes have to be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A time period very loosely utilized within the garment industry. It could imply something from 100% organic to as little as 6% natural. Usually combined with terms like Eco-Pleasant, Inexperienced, and so on. Shoppers should check the labels and confirm the supplies used to see if one thing is truly organic or not.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown with out the usage of pesticides. Certified organic cotton has been inspected to insure it really is organic.
Organic Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved about the connection between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Organic Soil Association pioneered the first organic standards in 1967, and certifies farms and businesses that meet these requirements.
Overdyed: A course of the place previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an additional colour to create a singular look.
Efficiency T: Title for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and out of doors fans. Efficiency Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor management capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or may also be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of their absorbency and wicking properties, have change into often known as efficiency t-shirts, though they don’t dry as quick as performance t-shirts manufactured from one hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Offered this option to t-shirt customizers who want to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A kind of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used usually in effective males’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the first crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown in the U.S.
Pique: A method of knitting that creates a waffle-type, positive textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used widely in apparel, especially combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the means of pre-shrinking fabric earlier than it is lower and sewn. Occasionally it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks less once the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, nevertheless, especially if dried using a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Style of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting colour from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who want maximum freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts usually feature a raglan sleeve style.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its foremost ingredient. Rayon could be very comfortable, has wonderful drape, and may be very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are usually categorised as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you realize the width of the rib in comparison with the space between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between each rib is the same width because the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as broad as the spaces in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is commonly used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning results in a softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in varied colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand while washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another term for silicone washed, which produces a really easy and gentle end to fabric, and likewise gives the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Broad, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in girls’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very light weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. A bit stretchier than fantastic jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and looks better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the amount it may be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however four-5% shrinkage can still be anticipated.
Side Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at each aspect underneath the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are more expensive to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a very smooth and soft finish to fabric, and likewise provides the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other time period for a men’s tank high.
Slim Minimize: A style of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For example, a full reduce males’s t-shirt, dimension giant, often runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A slim lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally more.
Stonewashed: A washing process that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes fabric softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Generally bleach is used on this process.
Tank High: T-Shirt characterized by thin shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify came from the early term for swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” but a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck area of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks higher than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Type:A method that has no side seams; the physique of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No standard definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however typically talking a unisex t-shirt is made from lighter weight, high quality cotton jersey, facet seamed, and never lower as full as an everyday men’s t-shirt. The sleeves will not be additional short, like cap sleeves, however aren’t full elbow lengths either. The physique size is often medium/lengthy. Nevertheless, there are broad variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that turned unbiased in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton manufacturing methods, which include pressured youngster labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel corporations boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many companies do not care and have refused to affix within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is low-cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle type of neckline. Will be deep or shallow, relying on the style. Normally favored by girls, but a shallow fashion v-neck is fashionable among men.
Viscose: Sometimes one other name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Normally expressed ounces per square yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric implies that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Effective jersey cotton fabrics normally have lighter weights, while coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Wife Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank prime t-shirt. Normally refers to a primary white tank prime.