Common Terms Defined
T-shirt manufacturers use many terms to explain their merchandise. The terms will not be at all times constant and it helps to have a reference guide.
The following is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A normal spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or forty/1. The higher number means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts fabricated from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts product of 20s. The phrases are used some ways, but it’s the number that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads could be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted together, it can be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most experts agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extraordinarily smooth and has wonderful drape.
Bamboo: Fast growing plant, categorised as a grass, which may be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A process that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really vast neckline that runs throughout the collarbone area to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, the place the extensive neck enabled quick elimination if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s vogue reply to the wife beater. A ladies’s tank prime, though it can be any shade.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to take away excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a very smooth, smooth finish.
Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or other sturdy acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/cotton mix. The process provides a see-by, very sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on girls’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” gas because of its relationship with international warming. Just a few t-shirt manufacturers at the moment are measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Impartial organization based in 2001 in Nice Britain that monitors carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust works with companies to assist reduce their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. Just a few t-shirt corporations now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and overseas matter. Carding may be carried out by hand or by massive machines using drum rollers. Carded-solely cotton is not as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another title for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a soft really feel and a vintage look, depending on how the wash is done.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of certain plants. Useful in making certain varieties of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used often as cheap promotional give-aways.
Climate Neutral: A time period used to describe a company, course of, or product that has zero impact on the Earth’s local weather. A number of t-shirt manufacturers promote their company as climate neutral.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with world warming.
Colorfastness: The flexibility of a garment to withstand multiple washings with out dropping its colour.
Combed Cotton: A method to take away brief fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a smooth, wonderful cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive energy, wonderful uniformity, and better hand. Combed cotton prices extra and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the house between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to scale back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a distinct color than the garment. Gives a nice design detail in t-shirts.
Management Union: A world group that provides certification companies for a wide range of packages–including many natural certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, in addition to GOTS (Global Natural Textile Normal).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a more textured however uniform back. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Primary t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. Advantageous cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A natural fiber that is the most popular on the planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are usually ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties resembling Pima and Egyptian, which characteristic fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are more extremely valued than extraordinary varieties.
Crew Neck: A round close-fitting neckline. Most common neck on t-shirts.
Crop High: A shirt with a brief body to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This sort of stitching gives sturdiness and a cleaner, extra finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts that have good drape qualities feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that options an extended again than front.
Eco-Pleasant: Extraordinarily loose term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favorite time period utilized by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Foundation: A registered charity established in 2000 to help people who undergo most from environmental abuses reminiscent of pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly active in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash process utilizing special enzymes to produce a comfortable finish and easy look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a special look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically much less stone island coat jd harsh on the fabric compared to stone washing.
European Minimize: A method of t-shirt that is narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, size massive, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A males’s massive European lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes extra.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being minimize and sewn right into a finished piece of clothing.
Truthful Labor Association: A nonprofit organization dedicated to ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly important in the apparel enterprise the place working situations have traditionally been so poor.
Truthful Put on Basis: An international group dedicated to enhancing garment staff’ lives all over the world. Works with firms that produce clothes and different sewn merchandise and that take responsibility for his or her provide chain.
Positive Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. Fine cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with nice cotton jersey have a better drape and feel than common t-shirts. Often made with 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per square yard.
Fitted Reduce: Definitions range, but typically a fitted minimize refers to a reduce that flatters the body. Used often in ladies’s t-shirts, the center section of the shirt will be tighter than the highest or bottom. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a basic full cut.
Full Cut: A generous, roomy minimize. In t-shirts, tubular types are usually considered full-cut, but there are exceptions. Full Minimize differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been minimize and sewn into a completed article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A course of where finished articles of clothes are washed, often with added softeners to improve the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the nineties when shoppers turned worried about genetically modified meals. Many firms now apply the GMO free label on the whole lot from meals to natural fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for Global Natural Textile Normal. A undertaking of the International Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to ensure natural status of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to provide a credible assurance to the tip consumer. An natural stone island coat jd t-shirt that meets the requirements could be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic time period utilized by marketing gurus to promote products. One other favourite term of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon without any actual commitment.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Firms that inexperienced-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to draw more enterprise, however haven’t taken any real steps to be environmentally responsible.
Hand: The way in which a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels soft and easy is considered to have a great hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for thousands of years, mostly as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothing, and now it is used in many clothes articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its power and durability.
Henley T-Shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or 3 buttons (sometimes up to 5 buttons are used, but that’s unusual). A Henley can be either brief or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A method of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that could be very mushy and has a superb drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, more stretchy than Jersey knit, but much less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very wonderful garments.
Jersey Knit: Commonly found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It is gentle weight, and has high quality vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Advantageous cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with fantastic cotton threads similar to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric were made. There are lots of types of knits. Jersey Knit is usually present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have heavy ribs working down the fabric, whereas interlock knits are utilized in very high-quality fabrics. T-shirt collars are normally rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless style t-shirt, however not exactly a tank high. Basic t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is far wider than an extraordinary tank prime.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch. Also known as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek a hundred: Certification from the International Oeko-Tex® Association, which assures shoppers that the apparel they purchase is chemical free and poses no risk to their health. Underneath the Oeko-Tex standard, clothing have to be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A time period very loosely utilized in the garment trade. It could possibly imply anything from 100% natural to as little as 6% natural. Typically combined with terms like Eco-Pleasant, Green, and so forth. Customers should verify the labels and verify the supplies used to see if one thing is truly natural or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown without using pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is organic.
Organic Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a bunch of farmers, scientists and nutritionists concerned about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Natural Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary organic requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and businesses that meet these requirements.
Overdyed: A process the place beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an extra coloration to create a novel look.
Efficiency T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and out of doors fanatics. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor management capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can be one hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking properties, have turn out to be often known as efficiency t-shirts, although they don’t dry as quick as efficiency t-shirts fabricated from a hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Offered this option to t-shirt customizers who want to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A sort of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed in the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used typically in advantageous men’s and ladies’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the new cotton as it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A way of knitting that creates a waffle-type, positive textured surface. Used typically in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used widely in apparel, particularly mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the technique of pre-shrinking fabric before it is minimize and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an actual finished garment that has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, nevertheless, particularly if dried utilizing a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-shirt featuring sleeves that run on to the collar. Usually the sleeves are a contrasting color from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider below the arms, and are preferred by wearers who need most freedom of movement. Baseball t-shirts often characteristic a raglan sleeve type.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that uses plant cellulose as its essential ingredient. Rayon is very tender, has excellent drape, and is very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs working down the fabric. Rib knits are often categorized as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you already know the width of the rib compared to the house between. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the space between every rib is identical width because the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as large because the spaces in between. Rib knit could be very stretchy and is often used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning results in a softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in various colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another time period for silicone washed, which produces a really easy and mushy finish to fabric, and likewise provides the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Broad, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in girls’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. Just a little stretchier than effective jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Usually refers to cotton apparel and the amount it may be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but four-5% shrinkage can still be expected.
Facet Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam operating down at each side beneath the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Side seamed t-shirts are dearer to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing process. Produces a very clean and smooth finish to fabric, and likewise provides the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other time period for a men’s tank top.
Slim Cut: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For example, a full minimize men’s t-shirt, measurement large, often runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A slim cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or generally silicon and rubber balls. This methodology makes fabric softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is used on this process.
Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by thin shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Model:A style that has no aspect seams; the body of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are cheaper to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however generally talking a unisex t-shirt is made of lighter weight, positive cotton jersey, facet seamed, and never cut as full as an everyday men’s t-shirt. The sleeves will not be extra short, like cap sleeves, but are not full elbow lengths both. The physique length is often medium/lengthy. However, there are broad variations in unisex t-shirts, depending on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that turned unbiased in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton manufacturing methods, which embrace pressured youngster labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; however, many firms don’t care and have refused to join in the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is low-cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle model of neckline. Can be deep or shallow, depending on the type. Usually favored by women, but a shallow fashion v-neck is in style amongst men.
Viscose: Typically one other title for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Usually expressed ounces per square yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric means that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Fantastic jersey cotton fabrics normally have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Wife Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank prime t-shirt. Normally refers to a basic white tank top.